By: Julia Klesyk

A typical suicide bomber belt.

Female suicide bombers are women that blow themselves up in a public place to kill or wound a lot of people. They usually come from the religion of Islam. " That you believe in Allah and His Messenger, and that you strive hard and fight in the cause of Allah with your wealth and your lives, that will be better for you, if you but know! (If you do so) He will forgive you your sins, and admit you into Gardens under which rivers flow, and pleasant dwelling in Gardens of Eternity, that is indeed the great success." That is what the religion tells them. That means that if a person from this religion dies for/in the name of Allah, he will take you to a great garden were rivers flow and all your sins will be forgiven. Muhammad, the founder of Islam, believed that if you die for the Islamic religion, you will be the figure of courage and will be forgiven and given paradise. That is their martyrdom. This relates to the Christian religion in a tiny bit because if a person had become a nun or monk, that is what was considered martyrdom in the Middle Ages. Before, the suicide bombers always appeared to be men. The men were fighting for their religion and they killed themselves to show how strongly they believe in their God.

Since 1991, when the first female bombing appeared, the percent of female suicide bombers increased. The female suicide bombings usually come from: Chechnya, Sri Lanka, Israel and the Occupied Territories, Lebanon, Morocco, Egypt and Iraq. In those countries 34 % of the bombings are carried out by female since 1985. These women are trying to get revenged on the death of their loved ones, the mass rapes or any other harmful thing that might happen to them. Before, the men suicide bombers had suicided because of religious fanaticism but now the females volunteer because of personal loss or trauma. The women in a typical Muslim society are treated as something that is worthless without a male figure in their lives. The women that get widowed usually feel useless. As they have it easier to get to public places without being searched, they can go wherever they want to "fight" for their freedom. This is because in the Islamic religion, it is unacceptable to touch women and of course, the guards do not stop the women so that they can “pat them down”. The countries governments had tried to stop these bombings. They put female guards, so that they copuld stop each women and search them thoroughly. Instead of the positive effect they wanted, they got a negative one as the guards themselves became targets.

Female suicide bombers do not only fight for their loved ones. Women in their religion are treated as lower class people. Since this is not what they want, they kill themselves so that females can get more famous. After researching about these women, people have noticed that they are usually well more educated then their peers and collegues. The also do not have any criminal record and they do not suffer from psychological disorders. The first known female suicide bombing happened in 1991. A female suicide bomber had assassinated a Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. In Iraq, there have been a lot of bombings. For example: in the Karada district of the Iraqi capital, a female suicide bomber killed 32 people and wounded 102. Meanwhile, in Kirkuk, there was a female suicide bombing that killed 25 people and wounded 185. Together, they killed 57 people and wounded 287. Although the most famous way of female suicide bombers are bombings, they do not always do that. On April 30, 2005, two Egyptian women shot a bus of tourists with automatic weapons and then shot themselves. Females have gotten their bombs from various places, they have learned how to sneak in from their husbands, mothers, daughters etc. It has been found in 2004 that the females do not only learn from their family members. A widow from the Al-Qaeda activists had trained female suicide bombers in northern Pakistan.

There are three most known groups that use female suicide bombers in their missions. Al-Qaeda from Saudi Arabia, the Black Widows from Chechnya and the Tamil Tigers from Sri Lanka. The Al-Qaeda uses the females in their missions to protect and to fight for their religion. The Black Widows have fought against the Russia so that Chechnya could be an independent country. The Tamil Tigers have had about 200 suicide missions which 30-40 percent of them had women involved. This had stopped in 2009 since the Sri Lanka Froces attacked their sanctuary and killed their leader: Vilupillai Prabhkaran. The biggest recent problem known is the conflict between Chechnya and Russia. There, the female suicide bombers from Chechnya have blown up the Russian metro, killing 39 people and wounding plenty victims. This has been the greatest conflict in Russia since it invaded Afghanistan in the 1990s. All these lives have been given to Allah just for one cause. Independence. Questions to Consider 1. Why do you think the women are more popular now than men?
2. How do you think the country can prevent suicide attacks?
3. What do you think is the base of the problem in these conflicts? Why?
4. Why do you think women chose this way to get more famous?
5. Do you think that this is caused by their strong belief in God is it more of a psychological issue?

Works Cited
Blanche, Ed. "Sisterhood of stealth: female suicide bombers, and even husband-and-wife teams, in Iraq are insurgency's new stealth weapon.(REGIONAL)." The Middle East: n. pag. Global Issues in Context. Web. 10 May 2010.

http://find.galegroup.com/. "Dzhanet Abdullayeva." The New York Times: n. pag. Web. 18 May 2010.

Kingsbury, Alex. "The Rising Number of Female Suicide Bombers in Iraq." U.S. News. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2010.

Mockaitis, Thomas R. "Female Suicide Bombers are Nothing New." http://hnn.us. N.p., n.d.Web. 19 May 2010

<http://hnn.us>.Westminster University. http://www.spotlights.org/images/Martyrdom.pdf. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2010.

"Why does the conflict between Russia and Chechnya show no sign of ending?" The Independent : n. pag. Global Issues in Context. Web. 10 May 2010.

<http://find.galegroup.com/>.Younis, Nageena. "Where do ethnic women stand in society?" http://www.bbc.co.uk. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2010.