MUN Chair project
By: Agata Benbenek
Poverty In Afghanistan

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Poverty in Afghanistan is caused by the state of war. Even though the poverty is caused by war more people actually die from poverty then from the actual war
.The Children have conditions of oppression and insecurity. 36% of Afghanistan's population are living in complete poverty and some starve to death. 37% of people living in Afghanistan have slightly better conditions then the 36% that sometimes starve to death. In Afghanistan only 23% percent of humanity has possibility of having safe drinking water. Afghanistan has the third highest rate of child death and second in highest motherly death rate. Their are several groups and tribes fighting in Afghanistan.

There are groups such as the Taliban who's leader is Mullah Omar there also is another group called Haqqani network. Then of course there is the government fighting and peace groups, but the peace groups do not fight they provide water and food for the poor and for the ones in need. One of the reasons that their is poverty in Afghanistan is because their are human rights violations. The other reason of poverty in Afghanistan is that there is constant war and if a certain Area is not same villagers have to move out of their home town leave everything behind and start a new life in a different town. When a villager moves to another village with barley any money they fall into poverty. Afghanistan is in such poverty, only 15% of people in Afghanistan know how to read. That also proves the lack of education. Nobody has time for learning how to read o write if they have to work all the time. All of these reasons cause a huge problem in Afghanistan that has been existing for a long time. Poverty forces people to do bad things such as growing poppies.

Their have been attempts to solve the war in Afghanistan but they were not successful. Poverty in Afghanistan is not only a problem for Afghanistan and the citizens but for the world too. Because poor afghan citizens are in need for money they grow whatever crops are quick to grow and most worthy when you sell them. That crop is poppies. Now, why grow poppies? To sell in the flower shop. No, they are grown to make drugs. Around 90% poppy plants come from Afghanistan. So really, poverty in Afghanistan causes other problems such as making drug production easier. Their have also been attempts to solve that problem. The United Nations basically told the farmers that grew poppies to stop growing them and to grow another crop. It was not that simple though, the new crops that they grew were sold at a lower price so the United Nations had to make a deal with the farmers, they would still get the same money that they got from growing poppies. How is that possible when the crops the citizens are growing are sold at a lower price? Well the United Nations gave them the money that they lost because of growing crops that were worth less. So really they got the same money as they did for growing poppies except the United Nations also had to pay the farmers the money they lost.

Other crop that can be grown in Afghanistan except poppies is wheat, corn and , rise. It is not too easy to grow food in Afghanistan because there are very many mountains. The highest peek in Afghanistan is 7485 meters high. Afghanistan has very complex Mountain structure and is located near the Himaland River. Afghanistan also has many deserts. All these features make it easier for terrorists and war groups to hide. That is also why a solution for this war has not been found.

Poverty in Afghanistan has impact on all of the countries around the world not only because it makes drug production easier but also because many Afghan people in poverty immigrate to other countries usually in Europe. Mainly t
eenage Afghan boys escape to Europe looking for a new life without war. Afghan teenagers go to Europe hoping for a better life. They have such poor conditions in Afghanistan, that they are willing to leave their families and go on their own and start a new life. Most Afghan boys come to asylums in Brussels. In the year of 2008 there were around 3,090 people from Afghanistan in Brussels asylums. In 2009 there were 1,120 young Afghans who wanted to be in a European Asylum. That may not seen like allot of people but it only is young Afghans not counting the older ones. There are different ways of treating the refugees. In Germany an Afghan teenager is taken into a special reception center. However European Union members are responsible for looking after young refugees when they enter the borders of their countries. I hope to find a solution to this very serious problem.

Questions to consider:
Who does the war mainly affect?
How can we stop the war?
What will it take to end the war?
How do we solve the poverty?
How can Aids gain trust of the people?
How can Aids help the people when there is constant war?
Will Aids risk their lives to help these people?

Works Cited
Amies, Nick. “Continued instability forces Afghan teenagers to seek a new life in Europe .” Deutsche Welle. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2010. <‌dw/‌article/‌0,,4616581,00.html>.

BBC. “Poppy production soars in Afghanistan .” BBC. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2010. <‌poppy_production_soars_in_afghanistan.htm>.

Global Issues In context. “Afghan war.” Global Issues in Context. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2010. <‌gic/‌>.

National Atlas of Afghanistan. “Afghanistan overview.” Atlas of Aafghanistan. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2010. <‌afg/‌overview/‌afg_overview.html>.

REUTERS. “In Afghanistan: fighting over the terms of a settlement.” REUTERS. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2010. <‌pakistan/‌2010/‌01/‌31/‌in-afghanistan-fighting-over-the-terms-of-a-settlement/>.

UN News Centre. “Two UN agencies team up to keep Afghan villagers away from heroin production.” Un News Centre. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2010. <‌apps/‌news/‌story.asp?NewsID=34334&Cr=afghan&Cr1=>.